Manila is 3rd most stressful city in the world -based on a Germany company survey

Manila is 3rd most stressful city in the world -based on a Germany company survey


This isn’t exactly the news we would be proud of.

Manila has been recently adjudged as the third most stressful city in the world, only behind Mumbai in India and Lagos in Nigeria, according to VAAY, a company based in Berlin that sells cosmetic products and health supplements using cannabidiol (CBD) and hemp.

According to VAAY its ranking is based on a study it did involving several criteria grouped into four categories — governance, city quality, finance, and health.

(photo credit to owner)

In its chart, every city is rated from 1 to 100 according to each criterion, with the highest score being 100:


·        safety and security

·        socio-political stability

·        gender equality

·        minority equality

City quality

·        population density

·        traffic congestion

·        weather

·        air pollution

·        noise pollution

·        light pollution


·        unemployment rate

·        financial stress

·        social security


·        mental health

·        access to healthcare

·        COVID-19 response stress impact

Manila scored some good points in the following criteria:

·        light pollution – 88.2

·        mental health status – 94.9

·        the COVID-19 response stress impact – 85.6

However, these high scores were pulled down by bad results in the following categories:

·        traffic congestion – 3.3

·        unemployment rate – 8.8

·        noise pollution – 13.6

·        weather – 14.2

Manila did not get a score in the following categories:

·        socio-political stability – 38.1

·        financial stress – 49.3

·        access to healthcare – 42.4

All in all, Manila got an average score of 29.4 — ranked 98th among 100 cities — which is definitely higher than Mumbai, which got the worst score of 1.00.

As compared to its Asean counterparts, Manila is way farther for example, Jakarta was in the 92nd place with a score of 41.8, Bangkok in 87th with a score of 50.0, Kuala Lumpur in 76th with a score of 59.4, and Hanoi in 70th with a  score of 63.7.


Singapore is the highest-ranked ASEAN member-state in the list, scoring 80.8 that put it in 33rd place.

According to VAAY, it started doing the study on its observation that people do live in stressful times due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdowns that left people either on their own, without jobs and money, or in unstable mental conditions.


“There’s no doubting that we live in stressful times, dealing with circumstances that are often beyond our control, yet when we think about the sources of our daily stress it’s easy to focus on things that are small and fleeting. Likewise, while we consider the significance of the daily pandemic news cycle, we can lose sight of the ever-present elements that surround us and impact our everyday lives,” VAAY said.


“With this question in mind, we carried out some research to determine the most and least stressful cities in the world, based on structural and environmental factors that are often ubiquitous, but sometimes overlooked, and can contribute to a person’s overall level of stress. The result is an index of 100 major global cities comprising over 15 factors, each ranked on a scale from most to least stressful,” it added.

Reykjavik in Iceland topped the list. It was followed by the following cities, which were mostly located in Europe:


·        Bern, Switzerland – 96.6

·        Helsinki, Finland – 95.0

·        Wellington, New Zealand – 95.0

·        Melbourne, Australia – 94.2

·        Oslo, Norway – 94.2

·        Copenhagen, Denmark – 92.6

·        Innsbruck, Austria – 92.2

·        Hannover, Germany – 92.0

·        Graz, Austria – 90.0


Negosyo ang solusyon sa kahirapan.


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P43,828 - P76,669


Ang siste,


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